Provides traction and wear and protects the carcass underneath.
Provides protection for the plies and withstands flexing and weathering.
The diagonal ply carcass transmits all load, braking and steering forces between the wheel and the surface and withstands the burst loads of the tyre under operating pressure.
4 Bead bundle:
The steel bead bundle properly seats and seals the tyre on the rim and maintains it in position.
Rubber fillers in the bead and lower sidewall area to provide a progressive transition from the stiff bead area into the flexible sidewall.
A layer of hard rubber coated fabric that resists erosion of the bead zone by the rim flange.
A separate air chamber, compounded to prevent loss of air, inserted into tube-type tyres.